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Austin Texas USA
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Pretty early in the process, it was apparent that there were a number of different approaches to sell my crafts. (My experience is with large wooden objects like furniture, but I believe similar options apply to quilts, pottery, pictures, jewelry, and most other crafts).
Gallery Sales. If you are very good, you can make a small number of items, whether paintings, quilts, or chairs, that are displayed and sold in galleries. If you want to build and sell something you have "invented" rather than fulfilling a commission from a customer, this is the way you need to go. But remember, the facilities (rent), utilities, insurance, and other overhead, and the staff to operate a gallery adds up to a huge expense. (just think what it would cost if you started a gallery yourself).
When I build a custom piece for a customer, I am paid as soon as I am done (or actually half before I start and the balance when I am done.) I don't have thousands of dollars in material and hundreds of hours in labor "tied up" in a showroom. My sales overhead is very low, so I can sell directly to a customer at about the same price as I can sell to a gallery. My prices are basically wholesale, making custom work competitive with the factory goods the furniture stores sell.
Therefore if you sell your work through a gallery, it has to be so good or so special that it can sell for twice as much as you expected... a gallery needs to keep 1/3 to 1/2 or more of the sale price to stay in business. Are you ready to have someone sell your work for you? Is your work so good that it will sell for that much?
Craft Fairs. Some people enjoy traveling to different locations many weekends each year to show and sell at craft fairs. They get to visit different locations, meet many people, including the people who will buy and enjoy their crafts. This also applies to setting up a table each time a cruise ship comes in, or seasonal sales - the Christmas gift sale at the office. Between the fairs is time to manufacture... probably many small "impulse purchase" items - a lot more $10 items are sold at a fair than $1,000 items. If you work this way, you have to like the travel and meeting people and chatting with them. You may have a craft where you only make a few items per year, and can sell them in one or two specialized shows per year (presumably less expensive than paying gallery overhead), but I don't. The thought of making hundreds of cutting boards or wooden bowls isn't for me.
Furniture shows. If you live in Texas, there is an annual Texas Furniture Maker's Show at the Kerrville Arts and Cultural Center. This museum attracts furniture makers from throughout the state. Entry fee is about $125 for each piece, and if sold, the gallery takes about 30% of the selling price. I would guess that 10-40% of the items exhibited sell - I have exhibited twice and sold once. In Texas, exhibiting there brings status, but I would hate to try to live only on the sales from this show.
I recently heard of Fine Furnishing Shows that run several shows each year - Baltimore, Milwaukee, Providence. Well equipped booths start about $500, but the visitors are informed, looking for custom items. The person who introduced this show makes chairs (often $1,000), took 17 to his first show (a different show), sold 11, and got commissions to make 10 more; the first time he went to this show he got 6 months worth of work. Take lots of brochures and business cards, and collect names so you can announce future shows where you will exhibit, and new products.
Production sales. I know a woodworker who is very good at making cabinet doors. With the special equipment he has accumulated, and his years of practice, he can sell doors to all the local contractors, cheaper than they can make or buy them elsewhere, and he can make an attractive profit doing it. You have heard the old business saying - "fast, good, cheap - pick any two." He has achieved all three, and thus has a very successful business.
I know another woodworker who builds a line of inexpensive furniture - all made from poplar wood, all painted (mostly white). I don't know how he can compete with the imports from automated foreign factories, but with low cost equipment and a couple helpers, he says he has been profitable for many years.
Some people make lots of small items for gift shops... little boxes, puzzles, and unique items that can sell for $10 and be made for far less - low end gallery sales. A "fine" woodworker lamented that someone who had a "craft" booth next to his, filled it with crosses cut from construction lumber and other "cheap junk," but every month the neighbor's booth sold out at a few dollars per item, and the craftsman felt lucky to have a sale or two (but at thousands of dollars each). Both were successful small businesses! Both were honorable professionals! But their sales models were very different.
Custom sales. This is the primary niche I have chosen, and elsewhere will describe some (or many) of the lessons learned. I like the variety and challenge of building something unique... even if it is yet another entertainment center that is just a little special. I sell directly, so can usually keep the cost of sales low (far less than in a gallery). I interact with the customer so I can add something special that the customer wants, whether it is size, style, or quality. I cannot compete with the cheap imports (so I don't try), but I can compete with furniture from a good quality store. I have a friend with a similar business model, but he builds exceptionally fine furniture - better than I have seen in any store - and he is also successful - someone described him as the Lexus and me as the Toyota. OK. We both have a niche.
What will your niche be? What exactly will you make? How will you sell your crafts?
Gallery sales are an obvious choice if you are making items "on speculation" rather than "on commission." But there are many ways galleries or other people can help you sell.
Some craft fairs charge a minimal booth fee, but expect a percentage (often 10%) of the sales. Other events have a higher booth fee, but little or no percentage.
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